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Pronunciation讀音

For a pronunciation of a word, it usually consists of syllables(音節). For example, ‘pronunciation’ can be separated into five syllables: pro/nun/ci/a/tion. So if you know this rule, learning English would be an easy job! Let’s learn it now!

1.      The following characters (‘ce’, ‘se’, ‘s’ , ‘ss’ and ‘’s’) are pronounced as ‘S’ when they are put at the end of a word

 Ceè     Practice--------------prac/ti/ce

                Chance--------------chan/ce

                Grace----------------gra/ce

                Race-----------------ra/ce

                Balance-------------ba/lan/ce

               

 Seè      Practise-------------prac/ti/se

                Expense------------ex/pen/se

                Release-------------re/lea/se

                Pose-----------------po/se

                Raise----------------rai/se

 

 

 S è       Dollars-------------do/llar/s

                Lens----------------len/s

                Words--------------word/s

                Pens----------------pen/s

                Parks---------------park/s

 

SSè       Chess--------------chess

                Guess--------------guess

                Loss----------------loss

                Press---------------press

                Address------------ad/dress

 

‘Sè                It’s

                Mary’s

                Jack’s

                Julie’s

                Candy’s

2.      The following characters ( ‘s’ and ‘c’) are pronounced as ‘S’ when they are put at the beginning of a word

Sè          Spell-----------------s/pell*

                Sport ----------------s/port

                Small----------------s/mall

                Swap-----------------s/wap

                Support--------------sup/port

                Sure------------------sure

                Sample--------------sam/ple

                Summer-------------sum/mer

                Simon----------------Si/mon

                Some-----------------some

*Notes:

a) ‘s’ is actually not a syllable, but here I regard it as a syllable because it is easy catch the skill of separating syllable for beginners.

 

*Cè       Certain---------------cer/tain

                Circle----------------cir/cle

                Cycle----------------cycle

                Cyber----------------cy/ber

                Cindy----------------Cin/dy

                City------------------ci/ty

                Ceiling---------------cei/ling

                Celebrate-------------ce/le/brate

               

*Notes:

a) The other pronunciations of ‘c’ are introduce in part 5 of the chapter.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.      A) The following characters (‘y’) are pronounced as ‘ie’ when they are put at the end of a word----not stress

Yè         History             à historie

                Sleepy              à sleepie

                Snoopy            à snoopie

                Pinky                à pinkie

                Jacky               à Jackie

                Bobby              à Bobbie

                Healthy             à healthie

                Sorry                à sorrie

                Policy               à policie

                Pretty               à prettie

                Betty                à Bettie

                Twenty             à twentie

                Economy          à economie

                Entry                à entrie

                Country            à countrie

                Body                à bodie

 

Notes:

a) When a noun with ‘y’ changes into one with ‘ie’, it usually put a ‘s’ after ‘ie’à ‘ies’. It means from singular form to plural form.

 

4.      We pronounce the following characters (‘y’ )as ‘i’ [ai]when (‘y’ ) in the word is stress.

Yè         Spy          à [spai]

                Dye          à [dai]

                Dry          à [dzai]

                Cry          à [krai]

                Try           à [trai]

                Why         à [hwai]

                Sky          à [skai]

                Hyper       à [haip]         

                Fly           à [flai]   

                Type        à [taip]  

 

 

 

 

 

5.      ‘C’ can be pronounced in different ways, namely, [s](certain), [k](come), [t](change).

[s]            please refer to part 1 and 2, for more detail about [s]

                Certain---------------cer/tain

                Circle----------------cir/cle

                Cycle----------------cycle

                Cyber----------------cy/ber

                Cindy----------------Cin/dy

                City------------------ci/ty

                Ceiling---------------cei/ling

                Celebrate-------------ce/le/brate

 

[k]           A) When ‘c’ is followed by ‘a’, ‘l’, ‘o’, ‘r’, ‘u’, it is pronounced as [k]*

                cancer      à [kænser]  

                camp        à [kæmp]  

                come        à [kΛm]  

                cut            à [kΛt]  

                collect       à [kollect]  

course       à [kors]  

                cover        à [kΛver]  

                crack        à [kræk]

                create       à [kreit]  

                cream       à [krim]  

                credit        à [kredit]  

                crime        à [kraim]  

                cry            à [krai]  

                cup           à [kΛp]  

                calculate   à [kælklet]

                current      à [kзrent]  

 

                B) When ‘c’ follows a vowel and acts as 塞音, it pronounces as [k]*

                picnic       à [piknik]

                sonic        à [sonik]

                picture      à [pikt∫er]

                garlic        à [garlik]

 

Notes:

a) more detail about [k] will be discussed in part 6

 

[t]                ‘c’ + ‘h’ = ‘ch’*, pronounce as [t]

change     à [taip]

charge     à [taip]

Chan        à [taip]

chalk        à [taip]

charity      à [taip]

channel     à [taip]

chaotic     à [taip]

chart         à [taip]

chat          à [taip]

chew        à [taip]

cherry       à [taip]

chill          à [taip]

 

Notes:

a) ‘ch’ also pronounce as [k] in some cases, like ‘chemistry’, ‘character’… more detail will be discussed in part 6.

 

6.      ‘c’, ‘q’, ‘k’ can be pronounced as [k]

 ‘c’=[k]   A) Please refer to part 5 [k] A)

                cancer      à [taip]  

                camp        à [taip]  

                come        à [taip]  

                cut           à [taip]  

                collect      à [taip]  

course      à [taip]  

 

B) when ‘c’ follows a vowel and acts as 塞音, it pronounces as [k]

l    sometimes in the front or the middle of a word

picnic               à [taip]

dictation           à [taip]

dictionary à [taip]

direction           à [taip]

document        à [taip]

doctor              à [taip]

pocket              à [taip]

character          à [taip]

hockey             à [taip]

accept              à [taip]

account            à [taip]

record              à [taip]

rectangle           à [taip]

technology        à [taip]

 

l    Sometime at the end of a word

cosmetic           à [taip]

act                    à [taip]

barbaric            à [taip]

cardiac             à [taip]

 

Mathematic      à [taip]

mimic               à [taip]

mock                à [taip]

muscic              à [taip]

Eric                  à [taip]

optimistic  à [taip]

picnic               à [taip]

shock               à [taip]

topic                 à [taip]

 

C) ‘c’ + ‘h’ = ‘ch’, followed by a consonant like ‘l’, ‘r’, must pronounce as [k]

chemistry         à [taip]

Chloride           à [taip]

 

D) other cases pronounced as [k], compared to [t] in part 5

choir                à [taip]

cholera             à [taip]

chord               à [taip]

chorus              à [taip]

choral               à [taip]

character          à [taip]

mechanism        à [taip]

orchestra          à [taip]

melancholy       à [taip]

 

‘q’=[k]    

antique             à [taip]

cheque         à [taip]

equip            à [taip]

plaque          à [taip]

queue           à [taip]

question        à [taip]

quality          à [taip]

 

 

 

[dz]音的例子有 ‘j’, ‘d’, ‘g’

‘j’            

                Jack             à [taip]

                Jazz                  à [taip]

jingo     à [taip]

jot                à [taip]

joy               à [taip]

juicy              à [taip]

jumbo               à [taip]

jump     à [taip]

jungle           à [taip]

July                à [taip]

Jury              à [taip]

just              à [taip]          

 

‘d’           

                draft             à [taip]

                drama          à [taip]

                dragon         à [taip]

                draw                   à [taip]

                dress           à [taip]

                drill              à [taip]

                drop              à [taip]

                drug            à [taip]

 

‘g’           

                gaint             à [taip]

gender         à [taip]

                general        à [taip]

                genetic         à [taip]

                genius          à [taip]

gentle           à [taip]

geography    à [taip]

George        à [taip]

                German       à [taip]

                Gesture       à [taip]

                ginger          à [taip]

               

音的有頗多例子

1、    ‘~ble’

² table

² regetable

² forgettable

² reliable

² syllable

2、    ‘~cle’

² circle

² bicycle

² uncle

3、    ‘~dle’

² idle

² needle

² paddle

² waddle

4、    ‘~fle’

² riffle

² waffle

² piffle

5、    ‘~gle’

² goggle

² angle

² burgle

6、    ‘~kle’

² ankle

² buckle

² suckle

² rankle

7、    ‘~ple’

² apple

² nipple

² maple

8、    ‘~sle’

² measles

² Basle

² hassle

² tussle

9、    ‘~tle’

² title

² turtle

10、‘~zle’

² puzzle

² fizzle

² nuzzle

 

‘ed’過去式的讀法

1[id]末尾為t/d

        granted

        educated

        dedicated

        repeated

                ended

                provided

                wedded

               

2[d]末尾為b, g, l, m, n, v, w, z

        pleased

        tried

        managed

       

 

3[t] 末尾為f, k, p, s, sh

        launched  

        noticed

        kicked

        hoped

        kissed

        rushed

        asked

        finished

 

 

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